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learning_paradigms:constructivism [2011/07/01 11:17]
jpetrovic [Criticisms]
learning_paradigms:constructivism [2012/01/12 11:42] (current)
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   * knowledge cannot (and need not) be transferred to the learner, but rather **constructed by the learner**,   * knowledge cannot (and need not) be transferred to the learner, but rather **constructed by the learner**,
   * the learner constructs his own subjective interpretation and **subjective meaning** of the objective reality by cognizing subject,   * the learner constructs his own subjective interpretation and **subjective meaning** of the objective reality by cognizing subject,
-  * learning occurs through interaction of learner'​s **prior knowledge** (knowledge ​schemes), ideas and experience,+  * learning occurs through interaction of learner'​s **prior knowledge** (knowledge ​schemata), ideas and experience,
   * learning occurs in certain social, cultural and linguistic settings.   * learning occurs in certain social, cultural and linguistic settings.
  
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 Although constructivist ideas can be tracked back to 18th century and authors like [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Giambattista_Vico|Giambattista Vico]](([[http://​findarticles.com/​p/​articles/​mi_7026/​is_2_96/​ai_n28125759/​|Giambattista,​ V. De Antiquissima Italorum Sapientia. 1710.]])) it mostly emerged in the 1970s(([[http://​ehlt.flinders.edu.au/​education/​iej/​articles/​v6n3/​liu/​paper.pdf|Liu,​ C. H, and R. Matthews. Vygotsky’s philosophy: Constructivism and its criticisms examined. International Education Journal 6, no. 3: 386–399. 2005.]])) and has been recognized as a paradigm, but also as a theory(([[http://​www.amazon.com/​Constructivism-Perspectives-Teachers-College-Press/​dp/​0807734888#​reader_0807734888|Press,​ Teachers College. Constructivism:​ Theory, Perspectives,​ and Practice. Teachers College Press, 1996.]])). Today constructivism usually appears in the literature in a number of variants(([[http://​folk.uio.no/​sveinsj/​Constructivism_and_learning_Sjoberg.pdf|S. Sjoberg et al. Constructivism and learning. In Baker, E., McGaw, B. & Peterson P (Eds). International Encyclopaedia of Education 3rd Edition, Oxford: Elsevier, 2007.]])) with two dominant variants(([[http://​ehlt.flinders.edu.au/​education/​iej/​articles/​v6n3/​liu/​paper.pdf|Liu,​ C. H, and R. Matthews. Vygotsky’s philosophy: Constructivism and its criticisms examined. International Education Journal 6, no. 3: 386–399. 2005.]])): Although constructivist ideas can be tracked back to 18th century and authors like [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Giambattista_Vico|Giambattista Vico]](([[http://​findarticles.com/​p/​articles/​mi_7026/​is_2_96/​ai_n28125759/​|Giambattista,​ V. De Antiquissima Italorum Sapientia. 1710.]])) it mostly emerged in the 1970s(([[http://​ehlt.flinders.edu.au/​education/​iej/​articles/​v6n3/​liu/​paper.pdf|Liu,​ C. H, and R. Matthews. Vygotsky’s philosophy: Constructivism and its criticisms examined. International Education Journal 6, no. 3: 386–399. 2005.]])) and has been recognized as a paradigm, but also as a theory(([[http://​www.amazon.com/​Constructivism-Perspectives-Teachers-College-Press/​dp/​0807734888#​reader_0807734888|Press,​ Teachers College. Constructivism:​ Theory, Perspectives,​ and Practice. Teachers College Press, 1996.]])). Today constructivism usually appears in the literature in a number of variants(([[http://​folk.uio.no/​sveinsj/​Constructivism_and_learning_Sjoberg.pdf|S. Sjoberg et al. Constructivism and learning. In Baker, E., McGaw, B. & Peterson P (Eds). International Encyclopaedia of Education 3rd Edition, Oxford: Elsevier, 2007.]])) with two dominant variants(([[http://​ehlt.flinders.edu.au/​education/​iej/​articles/​v6n3/​liu/​paper.pdf|Liu,​ C. H, and R. Matthews. Vygotsky’s philosophy: Constructivism and its criticisms examined. International Education Journal 6, no. 3: 386–399. 2005.]])):
  
-  * **social constructivism** (also known as //personal constructivism//​ or //radical constructivism//​) derived from works of [[http://​www.marxists.org/​archive/​vygotsky/​|Lev Vygotsky]] and extended in works of [[http://​www.ischool.berkeley.edu/​people/​faculty/​jeanlave|Jean Lave]], [[http://​www.sesp.northwestern.edu/​profile/?​p=52&/​AllanCollins/​|Allan Collins]], [[http://​www.johnseelybrown.com/​|John Brown]], and [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Ernst_von_Glasersfeld|Ernst von Glasersfeld]],​ which suggest knowledge is situation-specific and context-dependent and that social environment has a key role in learning, and+  * **social constructivism** (also known as //personal constructivism//​ or //radical constructivism//​) derived from works of [[http://​www.marxists.org/​archive/​vygotsky/​|Lev Vygotsky]] and extended in works of [[http://​www.ischool.berkeley.edu/​people/​faculty/​jeanlave|Jean Lave]], [[http://​www.sesp.northwestern.edu/​profile/?​p=52&/​AllanCollins/​|Allan Collins]], [[http://​www.johnseelybrown.com/​|John Brown]], and [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Ernst_von_Glasersfeld|Ernst von Glasersfeld]]((See: [[http://​www.univie.ac.at/​constructivism/​EvG/​papers/​114.pdf|Ernst von Glasersfeld. Constructivism in Education. In The International ​ Encyclopedia of Education, vol. 1, pp162-163. Oxford/New York,  Pergamon Press, 1989]])), which suggest knowledge is situation-specific and context-dependent and that social environment has a key role in learning, and
   * **cognitive constructivism** (also known as //realist constructivism//​) presented in works of authors like [[http://​www.piaget.org/​aboutPiaget.html|Jean Piaget]] or [[http://​www.psych.nyu.edu/​bruner/​|Jerome Bruner]], which, since knowledge cannot be directly transmitted from person to person, focuses on individual'​s knowledge construction and learning through discovery.   * **cognitive constructivism** (also known as //realist constructivism//​) presented in works of authors like [[http://​www.piaget.org/​aboutPiaget.html|Jean Piaget]] or [[http://​www.psych.nyu.edu/​bruner/​|Jerome Bruner]], which, since knowledge cannot be directly transmitted from person to person, focuses on individual'​s knowledge construction and learning through discovery.
  
learning_paradigms/constructivism.1309511871.txt.gz · Last modified: 2012/01/12 11:42 (external edit)