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learning_paradigms:paradigm_comparison [2011/06/10 15:43]
jpetrovic
learning_paradigms:paradigm_comparison [2013/12/06 15:19]
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-| ^  Behaviorism ​ ^  Cognitivism ​ ^  Humanism ​ ^  Constructivism ​ ^  Connectivism ​ ^ +
-^  Time line:  |  Since 1900s  |  Since 1960s  |  Since 1960s  |  Since 1970s  |  Since 2000s  | +
-^  What is learning: ​ |  Development of desired behavior ​ |  Acquisition of new knowledge and developing adequate mental constructions ​ |  A mean which should help learner in self-actualization and development of personal potentials ​ |  Construction of new knowledge ​ |  Process of connection-forming ​ | +
-^  Control locus: ​ |  Environment ​ |  Learner ​ |  Learner ​ |  Learner ​ |  Mostly learner but also environment ​ | +
-^  Learner role:  |  Passive, simply responding to external stimuli ​ |  Active and central to the process, he learns objective knowledge from external world  |  Active and discovery ​ |  Active, constructing his representation of knowledge using preferred learning styles ​ |  Knowledge acquisition in form of establishing connections to other nodes  | +
-^  Learning process: ​ |  External supporting of desired or punishing of undesired behavior ​ |  An active process of acquiring and processing new information using prior knowledge and experience ​ |  Active learning through experience ​ |  Construction of subjective representation of knowledge based on prior knowledge and experience ​ |  Learning can also reside outside a person (within a database or an organization) and is focused on establishing connections ​ | +
-^  Critics: ​ |  Ignores learner and his mental processes, depends exclusively on overt behavior ​ |  Views knowledge as objective and external to the learner ​ |  More psychologically then experimentally grounded approach based on assumptions of free will and a system of human values which are generally believed to be true, yet sometimes discredited through counterexamples ​ |  There is little evidence for some constructivist views, and some even contradict known findings ​ |  A relatively new and according to some not fully developed theory ​ |  +
-^  Authors: ​ |  [[http://​www.ivanpavlov.com/​|Ivan Pavlov]], ​   [[http://​www.bfskinner.org/​BFSkinner/​AboutSkinner.html|Burrhus Skinner]], ​   [[http://​www.muskingum.edu/​~psych/​psycweb/​history/​watson.htm|John Watson]] ​ |  [[http://​education.arts.unsw.edu.au/​staff/​john-sweller-726.html|John Sweller]], [[http://​www.psych.ucsb.edu/​people/​faculty/​mayer/​index.php|Richard Mayer]], [[http://​www.davidausubel.org/​|David Ausubel]] ​ |  [[http://​www.nrogers.com/​carlrogers.html|Carl Rogers]], [[http://​webspace.ship.edu/​cgboer/​maslow.html|Abraham Maslow]] ​ |  [[http://​wilderdom.com/​experiential/​JohnDeweyPhilosophyEducation.html|John Dewey]], [[http://​www.piaget.org/​aboutPiaget.html|Jean Piaget]], [[http://​www.marxists.org/​archive/​vygotsky/​|Lev Vygotsky]], [[http://​www.cilip.org.uk/​get-involved/​special-interest-groups/​community-services/​subgroups/​information-literacy/​events/​lilac/​lilac-2006/​Documents/​ProfessorPhilipCandy.pdf|Philip Candy]], [[http://​www.education.leeds.ac.uk/​research/​cssme/​rosalind_driver.pdf|Rosalind Driver]] ​ |  [[http://​www.elearnspace.org/​about.htm|George Simens]] ​ | +
learning_paradigms/paradigm_comparison.txt · Last modified: 2013/12/06 15:19 (external edit)