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learning_paradigms:paradigm_comparison [2011/02/07 11:26]
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learning_paradigms:paradigm_comparison [2013/12/06 15:19] (current)
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-| ^  ​Behaviorism ​ ​^ ​ Cognitivism ​ ^  Humanism ​ ^  Constructivism ​ ^  Connectivism ​ ^ +| ^  ​Biheviorism ​ ​^ ​ Cognitivism ​ ^  Humanism ​ ^  Constructivism ​ ^  Connectivism ​ ^ 
-^  Time line:  |  Since 1910s  ​| ​ Since 1960s  |  Since 1960s  |  Since 1990s  ​| ​ Since 2000s  | +^  Time line:  |  Since 1900s  ​| ​ Since 1960s   ​|  Since 1960s  |  Since 1970s  ​| ​ Since 2000s  | 
-^  What is learning: ​ |  Development of desired behavior ​ |  Acquisition of new knowledge and developing adequate mental constructions ​ |  A mean which should help learner in self-actualization and development of personal potentials ​ |  Construction of new knowledge ​ |  Process of network-forming ​ |+^  What is learning: ​ |  Development of desired behavior ​ |  Acquisition of new knowledge and developing adequate mental constructions ​ |  A mean which should help learner in self-actualization and development of personal potentials ​ |  Construction of new knowledge ​ |  Process of connection-forming ​ |
 ^  Control locus: ​ |  Environment ​ |  Learner ​ |  Learner ​ |  Learner ​ |  Mostly learner but also environment ​ | ^  Control locus: ​ |  Environment ​ |  Learner ​ |  Learner ​ |  Learner ​ |  Mostly learner but also environment ​ |
-^  Learner role:  |  Passive ​ |  Active and central to the process, he learns objective knowledge from external world  |  Active and discovery ​ |  Active, constructing his representation of knowledge using preferred learning styles ​ |  Knowledge acquisition in form of establishing connections to other nodes  | +^  Learner role:  |  Passive, simply responding to external stimuli ​ ​| ​ Active and central to the process, he learns objective knowledge from external world  |  Active and discovery ​ |  Active, constructing his representation of knowledge using preferred learning styles ​ |  Knowledge acquisition in form of establishing connections to other nodes  | 
-^  Learning process: ​ |  ​Support ​of desired or punishing undesired behavior ​ |  An active process of acquiring and processing new information using prior knowledge and experience ​ |  Active learning through experience ​ |  Construction of subjective representation of knowledge based on prior knowledge and experience ​ |  Learning can also reside outside a person (within a database or an organization) and is focused on establishing connections ​ |+^  Learning process: ​ |  ​External supporting ​of desired or punishing ​of undesired behavior ​ |  An active process of acquiring and processing new information using prior knowledge and experience ​ |  Active learning through experience ​ |  Construction of subjective representation of knowledge based on prior knowledge and experience ​ |  Learning can also reside outside a person (within a database or an organization) and is focused on establishing connections ​ |
 ^  Critics: ​ |  Ignores learner and his mental processes, depends exclusively on overt behavior ​ |  Views knowledge as objective and external to the learner ​ |  More psychologically then experimentally grounded approach based on assumptions of free will and a system of human values which are generally believed to be true, yet sometimes discredited through counterexamples ​ |  There is little evidence for some constructivist views, and some even contradict known findings ​ |  A relatively new and according to some not fully developed theory ​ |  ^  Critics: ​ |  Ignores learner and his mental processes, depends exclusively on overt behavior ​ |  Views knowledge as objective and external to the learner ​ |  More psychologically then experimentally grounded approach based on assumptions of free will and a system of human values which are generally believed to be true, yet sometimes discredited through counterexamples ​ |  There is little evidence for some constructivist views, and some even contradict known findings ​ |  A relatively new and according to some not fully developed theory ​ | 
-^  ​Authors:  |  [[http://​www.ivanpavlov.com/​|Ivan Pavlov]], ​   [[http://​www.bfskinner.org/BFSkinner/AboutSkinner.html|Burrhus Skinner]],    [[http://​www.muskingum.edu/​~psych/​psycweb/​history/​watson.htm|John Watson]]  |  [[http://​education.arts.unsw.edu.au/​staff/​john-sweller-726.html|John Sweller]], [[http://​www.psych.ucsb.edu/​people/​faculty/​mayer/​index.php|Richard Mayer]], [[http://www.davidausubel.org/|David Ausubel]]  |  [[http://​www.nrogers.com/​carlrogers.html|Carl Rogers]], [[http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/maslow.html|Abraham Maslow]]  |  [[http://​wilderdom.com/​experiential/​JohnDeweyPhilosophyEducation.html|John Dewey]], [[http://​www.piaget.org/​aboutPiaget.html|Jean Piaget]], [[http://​www.marxists.org/​archive/​vygotsky/​|Lev Vygotsky]], [[http://​www.cilip.org.uk/get-involved/special-interest-groups/community-services/subgroups/information-literacy/events/lilac/lilac-2006/Documents/ProfessorPhilipCandy.pdf|Philip Candy]], [[http://​www.education.leeds.ac.uk/research/cssme/rosalind_driver.pdf|Rosalind Driver]]  |  [[http://​www.elearnspace.org/​about.htm|George Simens]] ​ | +^  ​Key authors:  |  ​[[http://​www.muskingum.edu/​~psych/​psycweb/​history/​thorndike.htm|Edward Thorndike (1874 - 1949)]], ​[[http://​www.ivanpavlov.com/​|Ivan Pavlov ​(1849 - 1936)]], [[http://​www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/​history/​guthrie.htm|Edwin Guthrie (1886 - 1959)]], [[http://​www.muskingum.edu/​~psych/​psycweb/​history/​tolman.htm|Edward Tolman (1886 - 1959)]], [[http://​www.newworldencyclopedia.org/​entry/​Clark_L._Hull|Clark Hull (1884 – 1952)]], [[http://​www.bfskinner.org/​BFSkinner/​AboutSkinner.html|Burrhus Skinner (1904  - 1990)]], [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​William_Kaye_Estes|William Estes (1919 - )]]  |  [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Max_Wertheimer|Max Wertheimer (1880 – 1943)]], [[http://​www.davidausubel.org/​|David ​ Ausubel (1918 - 2008)]], [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Albert_Bandura|Albert Bandura (1925 - )]], [[http://​www.ibstpi.org/​Products/​pdf/​appendix_A-C.pdf|Robert Gagné (1916 - 2002)]], [[http://​www.education.com/​reference/​article/​anderson-richard-chase-1934-/​|Richard Anderson (1934 - )]], [[http://​www.rogerschank.com/​|Roger Schank]], ​[[http://​education.arts.unsw.edu.au/​staff/​john-sweller-726.html|John Sweller]], [[http://​www.psych.ucsb.edu/​people/​faculty/​mayer/​index.php|Richard Mayer]], [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/​Edgar_Dale|Edgar Dale (1900 – 1985)]], [[http://​www.indiana.edu/​~syschang/​decatur/​bios/​biographies.html|Charles Reigeluth]],​ [[http://​www.ihmc.us/​groups/​jnovak/​|Joseph Novak]], [[http://​mdavidmerrill.com/​index.htm|Dave Merrill]], [[http://​mdavidmerrill.com/​index.htm|Dave Merrill]], [[http://​www.scandura.com/​|Joseph Scandura]]  |  ​[[http://​education.stateuniversity.com/​pages/​3114/​David-Kolb.html|David Kolb (1939 - )]], [[http://​nlu.nl.edu/​academics/​cas/​ace/​resources/​JackMezirow.cfm|Jack Mezirow ]], [[http://​www.nrogers.com/​carlrogersbio.html|Carl Rogers ​(1902 - 1987)]], [[http://www.invitationaleducation.net/alliance/wwp.pdf|William Purkey (1929 - )]], [[http://​www.holtgws.com/​johnholtpage.html|John Holt]], [[http://​nlu.nl.edu/​academics/​cas/​ace/​resources/​malcolmknowles.cfm|Malcolm Knowles]], [[http://​www.infed.org/​thinkers/​et-freir.htm|Paulo Freire]]  |  [[http://​wilderdom.com/​experiential/​JohnDeweyPhilosophyEducation.html|John Dewey]], [[http://​www.piaget.org/​aboutPiaget.html|Jean Piaget]], [[http://​www.marxists.org/​archive/​vygotsky/​|Lev Vygotsky ​(1896 - 1934)]], [[http://​www.piaget.org/aboutPiaget.html|Jean Piaget (1896 1980)]], [[http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu/people/faculty/jeanlave|Jean Lave ]], [[http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu/people/faculty/​jeanlave|Jean Lave]], [[http://​www.ewenger.com/​theory/​|Etienne Wenger]], [[http://​www.sesp.northwestern.edu/profile/?p=52&/AllanCollins/​|Allan Collins]], [[http://​www.psych.nyu.edu/​bruner/​|Jerome Bruner (1915 - )]]  |  [[http://​www.elearnspace.org/​about.htm|George Simens]], [[http://​www.downes.ca/​|Stephen Downes]]  |  
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learning_paradigms/paradigm_comparison.1297074417.txt.gz · Last modified: 2012/01/12 11:42 (external edit)