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learning_paradigms:paradigm_comparison

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Behaviorism Cognitivism Humanism Constructivism Connectivism
Time line: Since 1900s Since 1960s Since 1960s Since 1990s Since 2000s
What is learning: Development of desired behavior Acquisition of new knowledge and developing adequate mental constructions A mean which should help learner in self-actualization and development of personal potentials Construction of new knowledge Process of network-forming
Control locus: Environment Learner Learner Learner Mostly learner but also environment
Learner role: Passive, simply responding to external stimuli Active and central to the process, he learns objective knowledge from external world Active and discovery Active, constructing his representation of knowledge using preferred learning styles Knowledge acquisition in form of establishing connections to other nodes
Learning process: Support of desired or punishing undesired behavior An active process of acquiring and processing new information using prior knowledge and experience Active learning through experience Construction of subjective representation of knowledge based on prior knowledge and experience Learning can also reside outside a person (within a database or an organization) and is focused on establishing connections
Critics: Ignores learner and his mental processes, depends exclusively on overt behavior Views knowledge as objective and external to the learner More psychologically then experimentally grounded approach based on assumptions of free will and a system of human values which are generally believed to be true, yet sometimes discredited through counterexamples There is little evidence for some constructivist views, and some even contradict known findings A relatively new and according to some not fully developed theory
Authors: Ivan Pavlov, Burrhus Skinner, John Watson John Sweller, Richard Mayer, David Ausubel Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow John Dewey, Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky, Philip Candy, Rosalind Driver George Simens
learning_paradigms/paradigm_comparison.1303109970.txt.gz · Last modified: 2012/01/12 11:42 (external edit)