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learning_theories:transformatve_learning_theory [2011/08/18 16:09]
jpetrovic [What is the practical meaning of transformative learning theory?]
learning_theories:transformatve_learning_theory [2017/10/10 17:03] (current)
ppale [What is the practical meaning of transformative learning theory?]
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 ===== General ===== ===== General =====
  
-Transformative learning theory is a [[learning_paradigms:​humanism|humanist learning theory]] introduced by [[http://nlu.nl.edu/academics/cas/ace/resources/JackMezirow.cfm|Jack Mezirow]] in 1981(([[http://​aeq.sagepub.com/​content/​32/​1/​3.abstract|Mezirow,​ J. D. A critical theory of adult learning and education. Adult Education Quarterly, 32(1), 3-24. 1981.]])). This theory does not address general aspects of learning, but rather //​**transformative learning**//​ in adults: the learning that **strongly influences learner**, his **beliefs** and **values**. ​This kind of learning results in +Transformative learning theory is a [[learning_paradigms:​humanism|humanist learning theory]] introduced by [[http://www.columbia.edu/itc/tc/parker/adlearnville/transformativelearning/​mezirow.htm|Jack Mezirow]] in 1981(([[http://​aeq.sagepub.com/​content/​32/​1/​3.abstract|Mezirow,​ J. D. A critical theory of adult learning and education. Adult Education Quarterly, 32(1), 3-24. 1981.]])). This theory does not address general aspects of learning, but rather //​**transformative learning**//​ in adults: the learning that **strongly influences learner**, his **beliefs** and **values**. ​In this theory,
- +
-  * "//new and revised interpretations of the meaning of an experience in the world.//"​(([[http://​doi.wiley.com/​10.1002/​ace.301|Taylor,​ Edward W. “Transformative learning ​theory.” New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education 2008no. 119: 5-15. 2008.]]))+
  
 +  * "​learning is understood as the process of using a prior interpretation to construe a new or revised interpretation of the meaning of one’s experience in order to guide future action."​(([[http://​aeq.sagepub.com/​content/​46/​3/​158.short|Mezirow,​ Jack. “Contemporary Paradigms of Learning.” Adult Education Quarterly 46, no. 3: 158 -172, Spring 1996.]]))
  
 ===== What is transformative learning theory? ===== ===== What is transformative learning theory? =====
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 An example of a meaning schema is how we act around a homeless person.(([[http://​www.calpro-online.org/​eric/​docs/​taylor/​taylor_02.pdf|Taylor,​ Edward W. The theory and practice of transformative learning: a critical review. ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 1998.]])) All the meaning schemata together form the //**meaning perspective**//,​ as Mezirow describes one's complete perspective on the world or a //general frame of reference//​. Meaning perspectives are acquired passively until early adulthood, often through significant experiences with teachers, or parents, and are later modified through transformative learning. An example of a meaning schema is how we act around a homeless person.(([[http://​www.calpro-online.org/​eric/​docs/​taylor/​taylor_02.pdf|Taylor,​ Edward W. The theory and practice of transformative learning: a critical review. ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 1998.]])) All the meaning schemata together form the //**meaning perspective**//,​ as Mezirow describes one's complete perspective on the world or a //general frame of reference//​. Meaning perspectives are acquired passively until early adulthood, often through significant experiences with teachers, or parents, and are later modified through transformative learning.
  
-What characterizes transformative learning is the initial inability to fit the new material into the existing frames of schemata, what results in a need to change them. For example, a change of attitude to homeless people after realizing how hard their life is. These-like experiences are also called //​perspective transformations//​. They often come due to life experiences,​ often related to strong emotional responses. These may be personal crises like divorce, death of a friend or a family member, wars, natural or man-caused disasters, health crises, etc, but do not have to be so radical.(([[http://​www.calpro-online.org/eric/docs/taylor/​taylor_02.pdf|Taylor,​ Edward W. The theory ​and practice of transformative learning: a critical reviewERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, ​and Vocational ​Education, ​1998.]])) +What characterizes transformative learning is the initial inability to fit the new material into the existing frames of schemata, what results in a need to change them. For example, a change of attitude to homeless people after realizing how hard their life is. These-like experiences are also called //​perspective transformations//​. They often come due to life experiences,​ often related to strong emotional responses. These may be personal crises like divorce, death of a friend or a family member, wars, natural or man-caused disasters, health crises, etc, but do not have to be so radical.(([[http://​healthsci.queensu.ca/assets/ohse/new_article_tl.pdf|Taylor,​ Edward W. Transformative learning ​theory. ​New Directions for Adult and Continuing ​Education, ​no. 119: 5-15., 2008.]])) 
  
 **In the classroom**,​ commonly three types of experience can result in transformative learning(([[http://​www.calpro-online.org/​eric/​docs/​taylor/​taylor_02.pdf|Taylor,​ Edward W. The theory and practice of transformative learning: a critical review. ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 1998.]])): **In the classroom**,​ commonly three types of experience can result in transformative learning(([[http://​www.calpro-online.org/​eric/​docs/​taylor/​taylor_02.pdf|Taylor,​ Edward W. The theory and practice of transformative learning: a critical review. ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, 1998.]])):
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 ===== What is the practical meaning of transformative learning theory? ===== ===== What is the practical meaning of transformative learning theory? =====
  
-Different authors suggested different roles of students and teachers during the transformative learning. The role of the students is mostly to take responsibility for their learning and creating a pleasant environment,​ and suggestions to the teachers generally refer to(([[http://​www.ecolas.eu/​content/​images/​Mezirow%20Transformative%20Learning.pdf|Mezirow,​ J. Transformative learning: Theory to practice. New directions for adult and continuing education, no. 74: 5–12, 1997.]])): +Different authors suggested different roles of students and teachers during the transformative learning. The role of the students is mostly to take responsibility for their learning and creating a pleasant environment,​ and suggestions to the teachers generally refer to(([[http://​www.ecolas.eu/​content/​images/​Mezirow%20Transformative%20Learning.pdf|Mezirow,​ J. Transformative learning: Theory to practice. New directions for adult and continuing education, no. 74: 5–12, 1997.]])) :
- +
-  * creating a **safe environment** facilitating relationships characterized by **trust** and **care**, +
-  * **understanding why** they want to encourage a change in students and not only how and which change, +
-  * assisting in the development of the **critical reflection** in students, +
-  * taking into consideration and talking about students'​ feelings, +
-  * enabling their students to apply the new insights outside the classroom,​ +
-  * helping others by sharing his experiences,​ and +
-  * being a **role-model** displaying his own willingness to change and learn.+
  
 +  * creating a **safe environment** ​ facilitating relationships characterized by **trust** ​ and **care**,
 +  * **understanding why**  they want to encourage a change in students and not only how and which change,
 +  * assisting in the development of the **critical reflection** ​ in students,
 +  * taking into consideration and talking about students'​ **feelings**,​
 +  * enabling their students **to apply** ​ the new insights **outside **the classroom,
 +  * **helping others** ​ by sharing his experiences,​ and
 +  * being a **role-model** ​ displaying his own willingness to change and learn.
  
  
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   * **transformative learning theory**, **adult learning**, **meaning perspectives**,​ **meaning schemata**, **perspective transformations**,​ **experience**,​ **critical reflection**,​ **rational discourse**   * **transformative learning theory**, **adult learning**, **meaning perspectives**,​ **meaning schemata**, **perspective transformations**,​ **experience**,​ **critical reflection**,​ **rational discourse**
-  * [[http://nlu.nl.edu/academics/cas/ace/resources/JackMezirow.cfm|Jack Mezirow]]+  * [[http://www.columbia.edu/itc/tc/parker/adlearnville/transformativelearning/​mezirow.htm|Jack Mezirow]]
 ===== Bibliography ===== ===== Bibliography =====
  
-[[http://meds.queensu.ca/ohse/​assets/​new_article_tl.pdf|Taylor,​ Edward W. Transformative learning theory. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education, no. 119: 5-15. 2008.]]+[[http://healthsci.queensu.ca/​assets/ohse/​new_article_tl.pdf|Taylor,​ Edward W. Transformative learning theory. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education, no. 119: 5-15. 2008.]]
  
 [[http://​www.lifecircles-inc.com/​Learningtheories/​humanist/​mezirow.html|Cooper,​ S. Theories of Learning in Educational Psychology. Jack Mezirow: Transformational Learning Theory.]] Retrieved April 1, 2011. [[http://​www.lifecircles-inc.com/​Learningtheories/​humanist/​mezirow.html|Cooper,​ S. Theories of Learning in Educational Psychology. Jack Mezirow: Transformational Learning Theory.]] Retrieved April 1, 2011.
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